Écoutez de la musique en streaming sans publicité ou achetez des CDs et MP3 maintenant sur Amazon.fr. According to this law, the Ministry of Water and Electricity was allowed to ban drilling any deep or semi-deep wells wherever surveys showed that the water table was dropping because of overpumping. The Ghasabe Qanats of Gonabad (Persian: قنات قصبه گناباد), also called "Kariz Kai Khosrow", is one of the world's oldest and largest networks of qanats … ], Semsar Yazdi Ali Asghar, Labbaf Khaneiki Majid, 2011, Qanat in its Cradle; Volume 1, Iran: International Center on Qanats and Historic Hydraulic Structures (ICQHS), pp 75-145, documenting the aqueduct of the Ghasabe Qanat, Cultural Heritage and Tourism administration, "Conference of Qanat in Iran – water clock in Persia 1383", Sassanid Archaeological Landscape of Fars Region, List of cities, towns and villages in Razavi Khorasan Province, Iranian newspaper farheekhtegan 21/May 2016 No 1949, Iranian newspaper Mardom salari18Feb 2016 Qantas or kariz in Gonabad. قنات قصبه، قنات قصبه گناباد، عکس قنات قصبه گناباد، مسیر قنات قصبه گناباد، فاصله قنات قصبه گناباد تا تهران، فیلم از قنات قصبه گناباد، ویدئو از قنات قصبه گناباد. The magnificent temple built in this area during Darius' reign shows that there was a considerable population depending on the water of qanats; Ragerz has estimated this population to be 10,000 people. Qanat is very important in history of Human. The story of the Ghasabe aqueduct in water supply in desert conditions is illustrated in this movie. In the years 1984–1985, the ministry of energy took census of 28,038 qanats, whose total discharge was 9 billion cubic meters. Qasabe Qanats of Gonabad also is called kariz Kai Khosrow is one of the oldest and largest qanats in the world built between 700 BC to 500 BC. The Arabs’ supportive policy on qanats was so successful that even the holy city of Mecca gained a qanat. This law, as well as the Law of Water Nationalization that was approved in 1968, and eventually the Law of Fair Distribution of water passed (in 1981) after the Islamic revolution emphasized the definition of restricted and free areas for drilling. It is located at Gonabad, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran and contains 427 water wells with a total length of 33,113 meters. Qanats of Uroune, Moun, Chahak and Shirin as registered in world heritage site (administered by UNESCO) are among these Qanats. So Abdollah bin Tahir managed to bring together all the clergymen from throughout Khorasan and Iraq to compile a book entitled Alghani (The Book of Qanat). Gonabad. is one of the most important and historic qanats in Iran Plateau which has had a vital role in the development of a qanat base civilization in the region and in the whole world. Some of the hydrogeological innovations described in this book were first introduced there. As an instance, M. Lombard reports that the Moslem clerics who lived during the Abbasid period, such as Abooyoosef Ya’qoob (died 798 AD) stipulated that whoever can bring water to the idle lands in order to cultivate, his tax would be waived and he would be entitled to the lands cultivated. It is located at Gonabad, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran and contains 427 water wells with a total length of 33,113 meters. If you go to Gonabad, Visit Saffron farms and museum, Jaameh Masque and. It is one of the most important producers of saffron in Iran. According to Nasir Khusraw, the qanat of Gonabad was built by the order of Kay Khosrow[4][5], The use of water clocks in Iran, especially in the Qanats of Gonabad and Kariz Zibad, dates back to 500 BCE. Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea! This qanat dates back to 2700 years ago and now provides water for 40000 people in the region. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. Sources; Index Mundi Gonabad est une ville située au nord-est de l'Iran, dans la province du Khorasan-e-razavi. Gonabad (Persian: گناباد ‎, also Romanized as Gonābād and Gūnābād; formerly Jūymand) [1] is a city in and the capital of Gonabad County, in Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran.At the 2006 census, its population was 34,563, in 9,789 families. One of Iranian’s honors is invention of Qanats and of one Iranian’s honors in Qanats is Qasabeh Qanat in Gonabad which is also called Keikhosro flume. Géolocalisation sur la carte : Iran. Built between 700 and 500 BCE by the Achaemenid Empire in what is now Gonabad, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran, the complex contains 427 water wells with a total length of 33,113 metres (20.575 mi). Goblot believes that the influence of the Medeans and Achaemenids made the technology of qanats spread from Urartu (in northwest Iran and near the present border between Iran and Turkey) across the Iranian plateau. According to a contemporaneous inscription, in 714 BCE Sargon II of Assyria invaded the city of Uhlu lying in the northwest of Uroomiye lake that lay in the territory of Urartu, and he noticed that the occupied area enjoyed a very rich vegetation even though there was no river running across it. These changes, that occurred in Mohammad Reza Shah's reign, inflicted great damage on the qanats of the country so that many qanats vanished forever. Therefore, this policy did not differ from that of the Achaemenids in not getting any tax from the people who revived abandoned lands. At that time most of the qanats belonged to landlords. Gonabad is located in the south of Khorasan Razavi. The documentary film of the Ghasabe  Qanat of Gonabad (70 minutes movie) illustrates the engineering potential of Iranian diggers to dig aqueducts throughout history, explaining its importance. J.‑C., à partir de techniques minières. Qanat Ghasabeh is oldest and largest qanat in the world and Iranian people built that 3000 years ago! It was an Achaemenid ruling that in case someone succeeded in constructing a qanat and bringing groundwater to the surface in order to cultivate land, or in renovating an abandoned qanat, the tax he was supposed to pay the government would be waived not only for him but also for his successors for up to five generations. This documentary film was produced by radio and television of Khorasan-e-Razavi Province in collaboration with Khorasan-e-Razavi Province Cultural Heritage and Tourism administration; commissioned by UNESCO. [citation needed]. After the era of the caliphs this qanat completely fell into ruin because the desert sand filled it up, but later Amir Choopan repaired the qanat and made it flow again in Mecca.”. Qanats tap into subterranean water in a manner that efficiently delivers large quantities of water to the surface without need for pumping. In 2005 the Iranian government and UNESCO signed an agreement to set up the International Center on Qanats and Historic Hydraulic Structures (ICQHS) under the auspices of UNESCO. Qanats of Gonabad In Ghasabe kariz in gonabad, also called kariz Kai Khosrow is one of the worlds oldest and largest network of kariz. It is located at Gonabad, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran and contains 427 water wells with a total length of 33,113 meters. If you are a resident of another country or region, please select the appropriate version of Tripadvisor for your country or region in the drop-down menu. And made by Seyedsaeed Aboozarian known as (Payman Ashegh) as Production Manager / Translator and Narrator of French; and Saeed Tavakkolifar as Director. taste the very delicious dishes, especially "Ash e joosh pareh". In 1963, the Ministry of Water and Electricity was established in order to provide the rural and urban areas of the country with sufficient water and electricity. History Persian period According to Callisthenes, the Persians were using … Gardizi added that this book was still applicable to his time, and everyone made references to this book. This book collected all the rulings on qanats which could be of use to whoever wanted to judge a dispute over this issue. Experience and feel magnificent ancient history, Ghasabe Qanats of Gonabad is the oldest and largest qanat in the world built between 700 BC to 500 BC. Qanats of Gonabad are ranked among the oldest in Iran. It is located at Gonabad, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran and contains 427 water wells with a total length of 33,113 meters. The most reliable document confirming the existence of qanats at this time was written by Polybius, who states that: “the streams are running down from everywhere at the base of Alborz mountain, and people have transferred too much water from a long distance through some subterranean canals by spending much cost and labor”. I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like. It is located at Gonabad , Razavi Khorasan Province , Iran and contains 427 water wells with a … Sorry, there are no tours or activities available to book online for the date(s) you selected. These deeds of endowment indicate that much attention was given to the qanats during the reign of Ilkhanids, but it is attributable to their Persian ministers, who influenced them. The Ghasabe Qanats of Gonabad (Persian: قنات قصبه گناباد), also called Kariz Kai Khosrow, is one of the world's oldest and largest networks of qanats (underground aqueducts). Following Darius' order, Silaks, the naval commander of the Persian army, and Khenombiz, the royal architect, managed to construct a qanat in the oasis of Kharagha in Egypt. Qanat- e Zibad- Gonabad water clock. Later, in the 11th century, a writer named Nasir Khosrow acknowledged all those qanats with the following words: “Neyshaboor is located in a vast plain at a distance of 40 Farsang (~240 km) from Serakhs and 70 Farsang (~420 km) from Mary (Marv) ... all the qanats of this city run underground, and it is said that an Arab who was offended by the people of Neyshaboor has complained that; what a beautiful city Neyshaboor could have become if its qanats would have flowed on the ground surface and instead its people would have been underground”. In fact, the land reform meant that the landlords lost their motivation for investing more money in constructing or repairing the qanats which were subject to the Lnd Reform Law. After 2,700 years the Qanat still provides drinking and agricultural water to nearly 40,000 people of Gonabad. Les premiers d'entre eux auraient été creusés au nord-ouest du plateau iranien vers la fin du I millénaire av. Qanat Ghasabe has a link to the legendary king of Iran Kay Khosrow. Ms. Lambton quotes Moeen al-din Esfarzi, who wrote the book Rowzat al-Jannat ("The Garden of Paradise"), that Abdollah bin Tahir (from the Taherian dynasty) and Ismaeel Ahmed Samani (from the Samani dynasty) had several qanats constructed in Neyshaboor. During the Pahlavi period, the process of qanat construction and maintenance continued. On the other hand, the peasants could not come up with the money to maintain the qanats, so many qanats were gradually abandoned. Listen to the audio pronunciation of Qanats of Gonabad on pronouncekiwi. Qanats. Ghasabe Qanats of Gonabad is the oldest and largest qanat in the world built between 700 BC to 500 BC. The Qanats of Gonabad, also called kariz Kai Khosrow, is one of the oldest and largest qanats in the world built between 700 BCE to 500 BCE. Certain features have made this qanat of the outstanding water structures in Iran. In this book, Seyyed Rokn al-Din names the properties he donated in the region of Yazd. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. Qanat refers to a water supply system that helps the utilization of the underground water. Qasabe Qanats of Gonabad also is called kariz Kai Khosrow is one of the oldest and largest qanats in the world built between 700 BC to 500 BC. This qanat. The oldest Qanat in Iran and in the world that Naser Khosro Qobadiani, the famous poet, has gone there and has stepped in … In addition, there are so many Qanats in this region, the most famous of which is Zarech. [2] The site was first added to UNESCO's list of tentative World Heritage Sites in 2007, then officially inscribed in 2016, collectively with several other qanats, as "The Persian Qanat".[3]. We have created a browser extension. For example, Mohammad bin Hasan quotes Aboo-Hanifeh that in case someone constructs a qanat in abandoned land, someone else can dig another qanat in the same land on the condition that the second qanat is 500 zera’ (375 meters) away from the first one. In fact it was Ursa, the king of the region, who had rescued the people from thirst and turned Uhlu into a prosperous and green land. Qasabe Qanats of Gonabad . more. [8] The government proceeded to repair or dredge the qanats that were abandoned or destroyed for any reason, and construct new qanats if necessary. A document written in the Pahlavi language pointed out the important role of qanats in developing the cities at that time. Some of the longest and oldest Qanats of the world are located in Gonabad. It contains 427 water wells with a total length of 33,113 meters. One of the articles of this program addressed the land reform that let peasants take ownership of part of the landlords’ lands. The introduction of modern devices, that made it possible to drill many deep wells and extract groundwater much more quickly, accelerated the qanats’ destruction. But the qanats stayed intact, because the economic infrastructure was of great importance to the Arabs. Some of the longest and oldest Qanats of the world are located in Gonabad. Built between 700 and 500 BCE by the Achaemenid Empire in what is now Gonabad, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran, the complex contains 427 water wells with a total length of 33,113 metres (20.575 mi). A council that was responsible for the qanats was set up by the government. If we assume the total number of the qanats at that time to be 32,000, their annual discharge would have amounted to 12 billion cubic meters. In the restricted areas, drilling any wells (except for drinking and industry) was prohibited in order to prevent the continuous depletion of groundwater. In 1961, another report was published revealing that in Iran there were 30,000 qanats of which just 20,000 were still in use, with a total output of 560,000 lit/se or 17.3 billion cubic meters per year. The Persian historian Hamdollah Mostowfi writes: “Zobeyde Khatoon (Haroon al-Rashid’s wife) constructed a qanat in Mecca. Is this a place or activity you would go to on a, Is this a must-do if you are traveling with a, Is this a place or activity you would suggest for, Would you recommend this place or activity to a friend looking for an, Are the prices for this place or activity. Zarech is the longest qanat in the world, its tunnel extends to 100km and it dates back to 3000 years ago. The Ghasabe Qanats of Gonabad ( Persian: قنات قصبه گناباد), also called Kariz Kai Khosrow, is one of the world's oldest and largest networks of qanats (underground aqueducts). In 1959 a reforme program named as the White Revolution was declared by the former Shah. Also, another old qanat in Iran which is surprisingly still in use is located in Gonabad. Later they were also used to determine the exact holy days of pre-Islamic religions, such as the Nowruz, Chelah, or Yaldā—the shortest, longest, and equal-length days and nights of the year. From the point of topographic features, Siyah Kuh mountains are in the western parts of this region whereas low … To install click the Add extension button. we staied ther for two night in one good ecologe .name was Adibe golestan.qanate qasabe is one of the oldest and longest qanat in iran.it is constricted 2500 years ago in time of achaminid dynesti. Jūymand is an affluent northern district/suburb of Gonabad. For example, according to the “Incidents of Abdollah bin Tahir’s Time” written by Gardizi, in the year 830 AD a terrible earthquake struck the town of Forghaneh and reduced many homes to rubble. You could also do it yourself at any point in time. After the time of Haroon al-Rashid, during the caliph Moghtader’s reign this qanat fell into decay, but he rehabilitated it, and the qanat was rehabilitated again after it collapsed during the reign of two other caliphs named Ghaem and Naser. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. According to the report of Safi Asfiya, who was in charge of supervising the qanats of Iran in the former regime, in the year 1942 Iran had 40,000 qanats with a total discharge of 600,000 liters per second or 18.2 billion cubic meters per year. Qanats of Uroune, Moun, Chahak and Shirin as registered in world heritage site (administered by UNESCO) are among these Qanats. It is located at Gonabad, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran and contains 427 water wells with a total length of 33,113 meters. Qasabeh Qanat, Gonabad: See 6 reviews, articles, and 14 photos of Qasabeh Qanat on Tripadvisor. There is a 14th-century book entitled Al-Vaghfiya Al-Rashidiya ("Rashid's Deeds of Endowment") that names all the properties located in Yazd, Shiraz, Maraghe, Tabriz, Isfahan, and Mowsel that Rashid Fazl-Allah donated to the public or religious places. tentative World Heritage Sites in 2007, then officially inscribed in 2016 with several other qanats under the World Heritage Site name of "The Persian Qanat". There are some records dating back to that time, signifying their concern about the legal vicinity of qanats. This site was first added to the UNESCO's list of. [5][citation needed] The water clock, or Fenjaan, was the most accurate and commonly used timekeeping device for calculating the amount or the time that a farmer must take water from the Qanats of Gonabad until it was replaced by more accurate current clocks. This mission aims to fulfill sustainable development of water resources and the application of the outcome of the activities in order to preserve historical and cultural values as well as the promotion of the public welfare within the communities whose existence depends on the rational exploitation of the resources and preservation of such historical structures.[9]. The pumped wells had a negative impact on the qanats due to their overexploitation of the groundwater. From the point of topographic features, Siyah Kuh mountains are … Alors lisez cet article par Iran D… Would you like Wikipedia to always look as professional and up-to-date? Its main well depth is more than 360 meters. In the years 1992–1993, a census of 28,054 qanats showed a total discharge of 10 billion cubic meters. In fact, feudalism was the prevailing system in the rural regions. This book, entitled Extraction of Hidden Waters, examines just the technical issues associated with the qanat and tries to answer common questions such as how to construct and repair a qanat, how to find a groundwater supply, how to do leveling, etc. Three years later, in 1966, the parliament passed a law protecting groundwater resources. At the same time, another book, entitled Jame’ al-Kheyrat, was written by Seyyed Rokn al-Din on the same subject as Rashid's book. USA vs Iran_ U.S. Navy ship fires warning shots at Iranian boat in tense Persian They had to pay rent for land and water to the landlords who could afford to finance all the proceedings required to maintain the qanats, for they were relatively wealthy. Are among the most important producers of saffron in Iran this Ministry was renamed Ministry. L ’ eau pendant plus de deux millénaires, constitué de puits horizontaux peu communs were concerned about.. 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