The town soon grew into a prosperous trading center that continued to bear his name. Initial reports claim 40 people were injured in two blasts in Pattani in Thailand In 1619, John Jourdain, the East India Company's chief factor at Bantam was killed off the coast of Patani by the Dutch. [9], Chinese merchants, beginning with Zheng He in the period 1406–1433 CE, played a major role in the rise of Patani as a regional trade center. [4][5] The first ruler of Patani (some sources say his son) later converted to Islam and took the name Sultan Ismail Shah or Mahmud Shah.[6]. The 2nd–15th century state of Langkasuka and 6–7th century state of Pan Pan may or may not have been related. The most Pattani families were found in the USA in 1920. The ill-fate of Pattani start as early as 1786 following the Siamese invasion towards Pattani. Pattani (ปัตตานี), also spelled Patani in Malay, is the capital of a province of the same name on the Southern Gulf Coast.The population of the city is a little over 40,000 and is a mix of Malay, Thai and Chinese ethnic groups and Muslim and Buddhist religions. He was proclaimed Ruler in September 2010, succeeding his father, Sultan Ismail Petra, who is considered incapacitated by illness. Following the death of Sultan Mansur Syah, Raja Hijau, the Sultan’s eldest daughter inherited the throne of the Sultan, whereby the Sultan had no male heir. The city of Patani itself was sacked and destroyed, and a new town was later created a few miles to the west. Thus, the Johor Kingdom which was then an ally of the Dutch, instigated the Dutch to take revenge on their behalf. It also become a centre of culture, producing high quality works of music, dance, drama and handicraft. An Englishman Peter Floris who visited Patani in 1612–1613 described a dance performed in Patani as the finest he had seen in the Indies. The Thai Ayutthaya kingdom also conquered the isthmus during the 14th century CE, and controlled many smaller vassal states in a self-governing system in which the vassal states and tributary provinces pledged allegiance to the king of Ayutthaya, but otherwise ran their own affairs. Raja Laksamana Dajang (1720–1721; Fatani gives no dates). However, a series of attempted rebellions prompted Bangkok to divide Patani into seven smaller puppet kingdoms in the early 1800s during the reign of King Rama II. Raja Bakal, (1688–1690 or 1651–1670), after a brief invasion of Patani by his father in 1649, Raja Sakti I of Kelantan, he was given the throne in Patani. Sultan Ismail Shah was succeeded by Mudhaffar Shah. Again, it must be stressed, these queens of Pattani were infact queen regnants, rulers in their own rights and not queen consorts, wive to the ruling kings. He took the title of Phaya Tunakpa when he became the ruler. It covered approximately the area of the modern Thai provinces of Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat and much of the northern part of modern Malaysia. Raja Hijau (or Ratu Hijau, the Green Queen) came to the throne in 1584, apparently the result of a lack of male heirs after they were murdered in the turbulent preceding period, and became the first queen of Patani. It had declined by the late 17th century and it was invaded by Siam in 1785, which eventually absorbed the kingdom. Top Things to Do in Pattani Province, Thailand: See Tripadvisor's 216 traveller reviews and photos of 17 things to do when in Pattani Province. The rebels, without putting on a stage, apologized for rebelling and retreated, never to cause problem within the kingdom again. Tengku Mahmud Mahyideen was born into a royal family in turmoil. [14][9], When Phetracha took control of Ayutthaya in 1688, Patani refused to acknowledge his authority and rebelled. There are also travel reports, such as that of Ibn Battuta, and early Portuguese accounts that claimed Patani had an established Muslim community even before Melaka (which officially converted in 1413), which would suggest that merchants who had contact with other emerging Muslims centres were the first to convert to the region. • Conquest by Siam in 1785, later followed by annexation, "Bedé kaba' ou les derniers canons de Patani", "Patani in the Beginning of the XVII Century", "Chapter 2 :The Development of Patani and the Descent of its Rajas", "The Blessings and Perils of Female Rule: New Perspectives on the Reigning Queens of Patani, c. 1584–1718", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pattani_Kingdom&oldid=998981678, States and territories established in 1516, States and territories disestablished in 1902, 16th-century establishments in Southeast Asia, 1900s disestablishments in Southeast Asia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. from SandraLightbringer Website David Icke presents documented proof in his new book, "The Biggest Secret".The following is a selection of passages from David Icke’s book:. However, there is fragmentary evidence that some local people had begun to convert to Islam prior to this. This was a union of two old Malay royal houses — Kelantan and Pattani. The 16th century witnessed the rise of Burma, which under an aggressive dynasty made war on Ayutthaya. After 1620, the Dutch and English both closed their warehouses, but a prosperous trade was continued by the Chinese, Japanese, and Portuguese for most of the 17th century. [9], After Raja Biru died in 1624, she was succeeded by her younger sister Raja Ungu (the Purple Queen). Sultan Phraya Long Muhammad Ibni Raja Muda Kelantan/Raja Kampong Laut Tuan Besar Long Ismail Ibni Raja Long Yunus (1842–1856), Tuan Long Puteh Bin Sultan Phraya Long Muhammad (Phraya Pattani II) (1856–1881), Tuan Long Bongsu Bin Sultan Phraya Long Muhammad (Sultan Sulaiman Sharafuddin Syah / Phraya Pattani IV)(1890–1898). Ayutthaya then invaded with 50,000 men and subdued Patani. The Pattani family name was found in the USA, and the UK between 1891 and 1920. However, the Dutch refused to aid the Johor Kingdom in this matter, not wanting to disrupt the relation that the Dutch also had with the Pattani Kingdom. She stopped paying the Bunga mas tribute to Siam, and formed an alliance with Johor, marrying her daughter (who later became Raja Kuning) off to their ruler Sultan Abdul Jalil Shah III. She is close to her only daughter-in-law, Tuanku Lailatul Shahreen, Raja Puan Muda and only son-in-law, Mohammad Yaakob. The Siamese had intended to attack Patani again in 1635, but the Raja of Kedah intervened to help with the negotiation. https://www.healthgrades.com/physician/dr-kavita-pattani-x7g5s When she was initially appointed, a rebellion broke out. Raja Alung Yunus (1728–1729 or 1718–1729). In the 14th century CE, King Ram Khamhaeng the Great (c.1239 – 1317) of Sukhothai occupied Nakhon Si Thammarat and its vassal states which would include Patani if it had existed at that date. [13] The power of the queen had declined by this period, and she did not appear to wield any significant political power. Sultan Abdul Kadir Kamaruddin Syah (Phraya Pattani V) deposed in 1902 had descendants: Tengku Besar Zubaidah, married Tengku Ismail the son of Tuan Long Besar (Phraya Pattani III), had descendants: Thailand: Country Studies by the Library of Congress, Federal Research Division, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 23:10. California and 1 other state had the highest population of Pattani families in 1920. Personal life. [1] It appeared in many accounts by Chinese travellers, the most famous of whom was the Buddhist pilgrim I-Ching. Sultan Hassan of Pahang,in his insistencem caused Pattani to attack Pahang until Pahang succumbed to the pressure and finally, Raja Ungu was able to return to Pattani. She is the third-longest-reigning monarch in the history of Britain. They were joined by others including the Portuguese in 1516, Japanese in 1592, Dutch in 1602, English in 1612. Kavita Pattani, MD, FACS. Pattani (Patani) or the Sultanate of Pattani was a Malay sultanate that covered approximately the area of the modern Thai provinces of Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat and much of the northern part of modern Malaysia. There were a few oppositions the Pattani Kingdom had to face during her reign. Tuanku Fauziah is the mother of a son, Tuanku Syed Faizuddin Putra Jamalullail, Raja Muda, and Sharifah Fazira, Tengku Puteri Mahkota. Useful Information. Pattani Kingdom (1516-1902) was a historical sultanate in current day southern Thailand and northern Malaysia. He became Sultan of Kelantan in 2010, at the young age of 42, after succeeding his father who was incapacitated after a stroke. Early in her reign she saw off an attempted coup by her prime minister, Bendahara Kayu Kelat. A different queen appeared to have been in control of Patini again by 1670 (three queens of Kelantan lineage may have ruled Patani from 1670 to 1718). This ruler then ordered a town be built where the mouse-deer had disappeared it was then named after "this beach". Ships were also lost, which eventually which led to the withdrawal of the English from Patani.[12][5]. The Malays of Southern Thailand are concentrated in the provinces of Patani, Yala, Satun and Narathiwat. Pattani was an independent Muslim city-state, ruling a large portion of the surrounding region until the 16th century, when it became a vassal state of Siam (now He then married Tengku Zubaidah Tengku Norudin or Kangsadal, a member of the Pattani Royal Family in November 2004 but eventually ended in divorce. These provinces were all part of what was known as Patani Raya (Greater Patani), which covered the domain of the earlier Sultanate of Patani, which was itself derived from the ancient kingdom of Langkasuka (mentioned in the Chinese texts as Lang-Ya-Hsiu). Patani has been suggested to be founded some time between 1350 to 1450, although its history before 1500 is unclear. His brother Sultan Manzur Shah (1564–1572) who was left in charge in Patani while he was away then became the ruler of Patani. – Nisriwani Yahaya, Syed Zulflida S.M. In October 1613, a riot broke out by the Javanese slaves who were dissatisfied with their living condition, burning down the Pattani Capital. Patani may have become Islamised some time in the middle of 15th century, one source gives a date of 1470, but earlier dates have been proposed. [3] The founder of Patani has been named as Sri Wangsa, or his son Raja Intera. This incident has spoiled most of Pattani Capital, but was finally resolved by the Pattani government. However, her daughter was already married to the king of Bordelong (Phatthalung), Okphaya Déca, who prompted the Siamese to attack Patani in 1633–1634. Towards the end of the 17th century, Patani was described in Chinese sources as sparsely populated and barbaric.[9]. Siam was shattered, and as rivals fought for the vacant throne, Patani declared its complete independence. However, upon storming the palace, the rebels were awed by her calm and composed state. [11] The Dutch East India Company (VOC) established warehouses in Patani in 1603, followed by the English East India Company in 1612, both carrying out intense trading. Siam, however, failed to take Patani. This blog will narrate the story of these four queens and their legacy during their rule. This was about 50% of all the recorded Pattani's in the USA. He founded the Gangga Negara kingdom. Her throne was inherited by her younger sister, the Azure Queen. King Taksin finally defeated the Burmese and reunified the country, opening the way for the establishment of the Chakri dynasty by his successor, King Rama I. An early kingdom in the Patani area was the Hindu-Buddhist Langkasuka, founded in the region as early as the 2nd century CE. An alternative theory is that the Patani kingdom was founded in the 14th century. Political circumstances suggest that by the 11th century, Langkasuka was no longer a major port visited by merchants. As if nothing could have hurt this lady king, and that she was in her nature made to be the king. Islam is a minority faith in Thailand, with statistics suggesting 4.9 percent of the population are Muslim. The Emerald King passed away when she was 63, after reigning for 32 years. The town is located at the mouth of the Pattani River. Raja Hijau died on 28 August 1616 to be succeeded by her sister Raja Biru (the Blue Queen), who was around 50 when she became queen. The Dutch writer also praised her rule, “The Pattani Kingdom is ruled by a queen who has made it a safe haven. Pattani’s family were forced to leave Uganda in 1972 when she was five years old. The Pattani Kingdom, under the rule of Raja Hijau, was keen to build relationships with foreign sovereigns. She is also related to the Royal Pattani family in southern Thailand. The current Sultan of Kelantan is HRH Sultan Muhammad V. However, the Sultan of Pahang remained stubborn. The kingdom drew trade from Chinese, Indian, and local traders as a stopping place for ships bound for, or just arrived from, the Gulf of Thailand. In 1641, she visited the Ayutthaya court to resume good relation. In 1920 there was 1 Pattani family living in California. As a divorcee, he was the first Yang di-Pertuan Agong in Malaysian history to reign without a Raja Permaisuri Agong consort.. [9], Raja Ungu died in 1634, to be succeeded by the last of four successive female rulers of Patani Raja Kuning (or Ratu Kuning, the Yellow Queen). Suspected car bombs wound at least 40 people at a department store in the Thai coastal city of Pattani. Langkasuka reached its greatest economic success in the 6th and 7th centuries and afterward declined as a major trade center. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. She then sent 4000 troops and 70 boats to bring her younger sister home, peacefully or by force. Chinese, Malay and Siamese merchants traded throughout the area, as well as Persians, Indians and Arabs. Raja Hijau appointed John Smith, an English traveler to be her advisor. [2] How or when Langkasuka became replaced by Patani is not clear; Hikayat Patani indicates that the immediate predecessor of Patani was Kota Mahligai whose ruler founded Patani, perhaps some time between 1350–1450. After he established a successful fishing outpost, other people moved to join him. Siam, the neighboring kingdom from the north, also took the opportunity to attack Pattani in 1603, during the reign of King Narasuan (1590-1603). She soon adapted to life in the UK and remembers accompanying her non-English-speaking grandparents to their GP practice, where she was bitten by the medicine bug. The role of royal elites like Prince Damrong Rachanuphab and Phrya Yommarat in incorporating and modernizing the south is highly recognized by conventional Thai scholars (see Maneeratana 1977). The founder is named in some sources as either Sri Wangsa or Phaya Tunakpa, a ruler of Kota Malikha or Kota Mahligai. Born. It reached its  zenith during the rule of the four queens of Pattani, Raja Hijau, Raja Biru, Raja Ungu, and Raja Kuning. She is board certified by the American Board of Otolaryngology as well as being the vice chairwoman of the Department of Otolaryngology. Pattani (Patani) or the Sultanate of Patani was a Malay sultanate in the historical Patani Region. Manzur Shah ruled for nine years, and after his death, Patani entered a period of political instability and violence. Her family ruled Pattani in south … Folklore suggests the name Patani means "this beach" which is "pata ni" in the local Malay language. Pattani, town, southern Thailand, on the east coast of the Malay Peninsula. Pattani (Patani) or the Sultanate of Patani was a Malay sultanate in the historical Patani Region. The authors of the 17th–18th century Hikayat Patani chronicle claim this story is untrue, and support the claim that the kingdom was founded by the Sultan. 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