Just make sure it doesn’t become too competitive and scare off any students who are having difficulty. For example, the process for 7 + 5 is: You can use manipulatives to help students learn this skill. However, automaticity is important too! Addition is the first big mathematical step after early learners build basic number sense. Thank you it will help me plan lessons and centers . When we use the “friendly number” strategy for addition, it helps us work with big numbers. (If your child has not yet mastered the addition facts, work on the addition facts first and then tackle subtraction.) These skills are so fundamental to all of algebra, and if they struggle here, they will likely get more and more frustrated in the coming months and years. If students have been working with Plus 1, 2, and 3, they have technically already been working with the counting on strategy. Here are lots of "thinking tricks" you can use to make addition easier. Students roll two dice and then use the machine to work out the answer by putting balls/counters through the cups to add the two numbers together. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. In repeated addition, you add the same number again and again in order to find the answer to a multiplication problem. Instead of adding two numbers together as they are, encourage students to add them up to 10, and then add the remainder to that 10. The minutes are OK, so the answer is 3:55 Easy example: What is 2:45 + 1:10 ? Like many other mental math strategies, this encourages students to think flexibly and to manipulate numbers in different ways. There is nothing more fun to children than having fun with their parents while learning a new concept. Breaking up, or decomposing, an addend is a fantastic mental math strategy for addition that can be used in many different circumstances. One last big challenge is the balance between mental math strategies and memorization. It is the opposite of subtraction. This procedural fluency is essential as they move onto more complex problems, and there’s no way to get there without memorizing every single digit addition fact. Add the Hours: 2+1 = 3 Add the Minutes: 45+10 = 55. These cookies do not store any personal information. For 7 + 5, the first attempt might look like this: But then you can show students how it becomes easier if you reposition the manipulatives to fill one row of 10, making it: Number talks are also a great way to break this strategy down. Beyond this it gets confusing and can cause errors. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Grab the free count on games pictured below. Step 1, Have them recite 1-10, and then 10-20. Teach children how to solve addition and subtraction equations using small objects, such as snap cubes, counting bears, popsicle sticks, and two-colored counters.These hands-on tools are great for our tactile learners who need to feel and manipulate to understand and solve. Create an addition machine using a shoe box and two cups with the bottoms cut out. Students then count up “5, 6, 7”, extending three fingers one at a time. Ready to get really strategic with your approach to teaching math facts? This is a fun way to get kids excited about their times tables, and you can use it to teach addition and subtraction to younger kids, too! First, since 49 is so close to 50, we will add 34+50. And like all first steps, it can be tough to take (and equally tough to teach). We want our students to UNDERSTAND number, rather that simply memorizing the facts. Teaching beginner addition is fun. Addition is useful to total up several amounts. Here is perhaps the single most useful quick and dirty tip to help you calculate quickly: When adding a list of numbers, look for pairs of numbers that add to ten. You’ll also find some free printables to help you! How To Teach Your Child Basic Addition – 6 Easy Methods To Try Today! Online learning programs can teach addition in fun, interactive virtual contexts. This is easier to solve. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. I’ve discussed both of these approaches in detail in THIS BLOG POST. (one side of the sorting sheet) So, before you pull out the flash cards, take time, slow down, and teach your kids, what multiplication is! Use the ones that make sense to you! Count up to 10 together. Each time you teach an addition strategy you want to reinforce it with games and activities. To see a more detailed explanation of this strategy, and download some free printables to teach it, please see THIS POST. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division are the basic mathematics operations that learners need to know since they are in the elementary levels.. Then we add on the remainder. Know the addition facts up to 9 + 9. Math workshop, student math practice, and kindergarten math games during center time! For example, we can think of 500+200 as 5 groups of 100 plus 2 groups of 100 to make 7 groups of 100. During … An alternative to baking cookies is to use raw cookie dough or make your own play-dough. Here are some effective strategies for addition: In younger grades, we begin with the Plus 1, 2, and 3 facts. Unfortunately, there are a lot of occasions when kids are struggling when they have to do a transition from the subtraction and addition to … Many rely on counting for addition and subtraction within 20; while this is perfectly fine for young learners, they should also be exposed to concepts like making ten, decomposing ten and derived facts. Students now have three fingers extended, but remind them that the answer isn’t 3. For a complete, detailed explanation of the friendly number strategy for addition, as well as some free printables to help you, please see THIS POST. Click on the link below to find out more! I don’t have to tell you how important it is that students master the skills of adding and subtracting integers. If your kids know their thinking strategies it will be easy for them to answer! Multiplication Connect 4 | Teachers Pay Teachers This free download makes for a great multiplication game for small groups in a classroom or during an afternoon playdate. As our students are ready for more of a challenge, we can extend these facts into the tens, hundreds, and even thousands. For example, for 17+3, we think, “17…18, 19, 20.” For 2+34, we start with 34 and count on: “34…35, 36.” Dot patterns, ten frames, and number lines are all excellent tools for counting on. Compensation is a mental math strategy for multi-digit addition that involves adjusting one of the addends to make the equation easier to solve. Relate multiplication to addition. The near doubles are facts like 4+5, where we encourage students to think, “I know that 4+4 is 8, and 1 more is 9.” We can also extend these facts. I have two lemons. This means that understanding is key. How to teach addition and subtraction in kindergarten. I don’t think we should be standing at the front of the room teaching them strategies on how to set up a subtraction problem.Seriously, we should NOT be teaching strategies to kids. For a detailed explanation of this strategy as well as free printables to help you teach it, please see THIS POST. #numbertalks #makingn, A beaded number line is a great tool for the concr, Try this activity with your students today! Then, since we added one extra to the original equation, we have to subtract one from the final answer. For example, multiples of 10 are “friendly” because they are easy to work with when we add or subtract. A: They all add to 10. Students typically struggle to memorize... 2. It’s best if you put visuals alongside numbers to promote association between the two. Step 2: Visualize and strategize.. Let’s stick with 4 + 3 as an example: This is a mental math trick that will help students develop their procedural fluency. For our purposes, math facts are the basic number combinations for the different operators. Here are five teaching fractions ideas to do the trick. I believe that we should give kids problems in context and see how they solve it and just work on helping them become more flexible, accurate & efficient with their strategies. Compensation is a useful strategy for making equations easier to solve. Addition and subtraction books and videos as well! I am going to pass this on to my fellow class mates, An excellent post clearly explaining the strategies. I’m going to discuss how I do it using the split strategy lessons, both adding and subtracting, from my Addition and Subtraction Strategies Math Workshop Unit. Learn how your comment data is processed. Give them two sets of teddy bears and push them together and count all. You can then move on to saying “10” and having your child repeat after to you. Avoid starting with memorization. For instance a shopping basket or a timesheet. Left-to-right addition (also known as front-end addition or the partial sums method) is one of the most powerful mental math strategies for teaching addition of 2 or 3-digit numbers. Get Hands On We still need to add an extra 2, to turn that 3 into 5. There is a reason for this: later it will make subtraction, which is just small addition SUPER EASY. Conclusion. You can then have them practice this by counting aloud on their fingers. We use cookies to continually improve your experience on the site. from 0 + 0 to 10 + 10, from 0 - 0 up to 20 - 10, 0 x 0 up to 10 x 10 or 12 x 12, and 0 ÷ 0 up to 100 ÷ 10 or 144 ÷ 12. Here’s a 7-step process for teaching addition that creates easier lesson plans for you, and better understanding for your students. If you want to incorporate some movement, put students in small groups and have them join up, counting out the total number of members once more are added. Students learn addition and subtraction with a variety of hands-on activities. It will be time well spent! The Best Way to Teach Students to Add Integers (Guaranteed!) This Video will teach ANY LEARNER how to Add and Subtract WITHOUT using their fingers in about 15 minutes. Here’s what I mean: There are so many different ways to teach kids how to solve multiplication problems. This is the big goal of mental math! Use those small cookie pieces to teach your child how to add and subtract fractions. Addition Tips and Tricks . I’m a first year trainee primary teacher and this has helped me massively to find out the basic strategies to help me further my learning. This strategy does practice because the students really have to focus on which strategy fits with addition or subtraction. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Pushing The Teddy Bear: You can play this game with kindergarten kids. Learning maths at home can be an intimidating experience, both for the kids and the parents. Find the solutions and support to achieve your goals, Find blended learning tools for mathematics and literacy, Find mathematics and literacy programs to bring a love of learning home. More importantly, it encourages students to think flexibly about numbers. Some students may prefer this strategy as an alternative to left-to-right addition or the breaking up the second number strategy. We know that strategies are important. Also, a sorting page with two different sides is helpful. Many subtraction strategies do rely on being able to use “backwards addition,” so this is crucial. To begin teaching addition, I like to give the students individual bags of unifix cubes or double sided counters. However, many people are confused by why it is important and why it can be more effective than traditional vertical addition. Your email address will not be published. For example, the fact 7+1 can be extended to 70+10, 700+100, or 7000+1000. This may seem obvious, but it is an important first step. A friendly number is a number that is easy to work with. Can th, No budget for manipulatives? All of our students learn at different speeds and in different ways. Second, differentiation. Tip #1: Find Pairs of Numbers that Add to 10. But it doesn’t have to be. Read more about extending the doubles and near doubles, and download some free printables to help you HERE. Start by introducing them to the language of addition, such as: Once they’re familiar with the language, get them started with simple problem-solving and reasoning activities. Main points to address: Use fun stuff to count with. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Ultimately, we want students to be able to add quickly and accurately in their heads. Next week we'll build on these tips to learn another way to do some fast addition in your head. It’s important to use a variety so students begin to understand the concept independent of what’s being counted. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. They started with a 4 in their fist and then counted up, so the answer is 7. This is because we are essentially breaking the equation up into more manageable parts. So, I first begin with a mini-lesson where I gather my students around … Programs for early to secondary learners, covering everything from phonics, letters, and sounds, to etymology, orthography, and phonology. We’ll use these number pairs for benchmark and regrouping techniques. Start with the multiples of zero and one. Instead of explaining dozens of math concepts at the same time, you can try teaching kids one by one, starting with basic additions. Students start with a closed fist and say “4”. At this stage, most students will still be adding by counting out every number in a sum to reach the total solution. When we can help kids confront those misconceptions, learning often occurs more easily. We can’t expect them all to learn the addition facts and strategies at the same time, but how do we ensure that each student is working to his full potential? This strategy involves breaking up one of the numbers in an equation into more manageable parts. Counting on fingers is the most intuitive place to start before you transition to tokens, bottle caps, or paper cutouts. Model it first, and then ask students to talk through their approach to a question in the same way. We want our students to be able to think flexibly about numbers, and use strategies naturally. Do this at least two times so your child can get used to hearing the numbers out loud. Alright, so let’s talk about addition strategies. It’s also very important to teach the strategy of finding the number that’s closest to a 10 to make their problem as easy as they can. If you find your head spinning when you think about all the addition strategies that you should be teaching, you are certainly not alone. Start by saying “1” and then have your child repeat after you. Do this … Let’s solve the equation 34+49 using the compensation strategy. For example, when a student is faced with 30+30, he can think, “I know that 3+3 is 6, so 30+30 is 60.” Again in this level, we encourage students to think in groups of 10, 100, or 1000. For example, you might focus on + 1 and + 2 one week, before moving onto pairs that add up to 10. 3. 1. Quizzes, group challenges, and rewards will make rote learning more engaging. We’ve put all these things together in our own award-winning programs, Mathseeds and Mathletics. What is described below are summaries from several lessons to help you understand how I teach it to help you teach your students the strategies.I always teach my math using the workshop model. A great hands-on activity to consolidate the concept of simple addition. They will love this way of learning; With Addition Factors: Teach them that the number 10 can be written as 1+ 9 and also 2+8 and then 3+7, 4+6 and 5+5.Gradually you can use bigger numbers like 15 and 20.Start the addition with the bigger number. We can teach Plus 1 as 1 more, Plus 2 as 2 more, and Plus 3 as 3 more. Encourage students to discover examples of the zero property in the room. In this methodology, the emphasis will always be on making tens, followed closely by nines...but all numbers can be made up of two other numbers and there are a very finite number of combinations. Automaticity (quick recall) will naturally follow. Using countable manipulatives (physical objects) will make addition concrete and much easier to understand. We begin by getting to a friendly number, which is typically a multiple of 10, 100, or 100 – depending on the numbers that we are working with. The doubles are typically facts that become automatic early on. This will also help them learn the ordering of the numbers. The entire table of addition facts might seem overwhelming, so just focus on specific sections at a time. Giving them lots of hands-on ways to practice is one suggestion. Alternatively, we can make a 10 and then add the rest. Kids struggle with fractions for the same reason that kids struggle with a lot of new concepts: They just need practice. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. 4. Put the pieces together so they can see the cookie half. To count on, we begin with the higher number and count on. Transition to visuals. Better yet, if you choose a fun program students can use independently, they’ll be logging in at home for extra practice. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Word problems encourage students to identify addition problems even when they aren’t clearly specified. For example, the fact 7+1 can be extended to 70+10, 700+100, or 7000+1000. Fortunately, there are specific strategies that we can teach to make addition easier for our students, and accessible for all of them. We hope you find this discussion on the teaching of “addition … DIY manip, I’m so excited about this brand new “Where’s, Left to Right Addition: An Addition Strategy - Shelley Gray. Create an addition machine. Programs for early to secondary learners, covering everything from beginner’s numeracy to geometry, chance, and data. No problem! Consider using a graphic organizer with the sum written across the top and a space for drawing under each number. With left-to-right addition we add from left to right. How to Teach Addition | 7 Simple Steps Introduce the concept using countable manipulatives. See The Addition Station for Grades 1-2 HERE and The Addition Station for Grades 3-4 HERE. How to Teach Math Facts. Teach your students to look for familiar facts in these bigger problems, so that when they need to solve a fact like 50+20, they think, “I  know that 5+2=7, so 50+20=70.” During the extensions, be sure to emphasize place value. The repeated addition strategy introduces kids to the idea of multiplication. Start out with easy addition problems. 2. very simple and well-explained strategies that can be taught student teachers. Addition and Subtraction to 20 is an unique milestone because it is the first time kids are exposed to concepts like place value and regroup. Strategies for Teaching Addition and Subtraction – Part 4: Numbers to 1000 ... they would have grasped the concept of missing addends in equations and could easily move on to subtraction. Use everyday activities to teach. Before I begin – if you are looking for a resource where all of the work is done for you, you may be interested in The Addition Station, a self-paced, student-centered math station where students work through the basic addition facts and strategies, mastering each one as they go. For example for 25+34 we first add 20+30 to make 50, then 5+4 to make 9, and then 50+9 to make the final sum of 59. Children find it easy to grasp as they have already mastered the concept of addition. Play adding Jenga Start transferring addition to paper by using illustrated sums, or having students draw objects they can count. For a detailed explanation and rationalization of this strategy, as well as free printables to help you teach it, please see THIS POST. Although teaching addition is one of the most important math concepts that we encounter, it comes with challenges. First of all – time. If the sum is 4 + 3, for example, students can put their finger on the four to start with, and then count up three places to reach 7. How can we reach this balance? Count up to 20 together. Teach your students to look for familiar facts in these bigger problems, so that when they need to solve a fact like 50+20, they think, “I know that 5+2=7, so 50+20=70.”. First of all, we can add 10 and then take some away. COPYRIGHT © 2018 — SHELLEY GRAY • ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.SITE BY LAINE SUTHERLAND DESIGNS, Using Friendly Numbers: An Addition Strategy. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Strategies are integrated in a strategic manner, ensuring that students build on their understanding progressively. Counting On is an introductory addition strategy that should only be used to add 1, 2, 3, or 4 to a number. Required fields are marked *. Strategies are ESSENTIAL, for all operations. Understand that subtraction is the opposite of addition. Your email address will not be published. How do we find the time to do a really good job of teaching the different addition strategies so that our students possess excellent understanding, while also doing a really good job of teaching everything else in our overwhelming curriculum? Read more about counting on, and download some free printables to help you HERE. When we add 7, 8, or 9 to a number there are a couple of different approaches that we can use. How to teach your child the addition facts Step 1: Break it up.. 3. Draw two rows of 10 boxes on a sheet of paper, one under the other, and then have students place manipulatives into them to represent the sum. Today, I want to share with you my favorite strategies for teaching multiplication. 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In addition, you can make beaded necklaces together and provide the same type of activity as you did with the M&M’s. Once students know how to use a number line, you’ll want them to use the same “counting up” strategy in their heads. FREE file too! For example, for the equation 27+9, we could first get to the friendly number 30 by adding 3, and then add the remaining 6 to make 36. We can help kids move beyond these obstacles. Find 10 simple ways to gamify your classroom here. They no longer need to count out the 4 first to reach the solution. This drawer organizer that I picked up for $2 at t, What have you read lately? So in a two-digit equation we add the tens first and then the ones. I love setting up math rotations with group, partner, and individual activities. For example, 1/4 of a cookie + 1/4 of a cookie = 1/2 of a cookie. How to Teach Multiplication in 6 Easy Steps 1. For example, 200+200 can be thought of as 2 groups of 100 plus 2 groups of 100. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. A number line, however, removes the need to count out the first number in the sum. With the two sided counters, I use lemons and apples as my examples at first. Cue the trumpets! And + 2 one week, before you transition to tokens, bottle,... Child how to teach addition in fun, interactive virtual contexts fun to children having. Same Way of 10 are “ friendly number ” strategy for addition that can be extended to 70+10,,. Any LEARNER how to teach students to identify addition problems even when they aren ’ t to... Shoe box and two cups with the bottoms cut out one week, before moving pairs... Can then move on to saying “ 1 ” and then have recite... Able to use a variety so students begin to understand or subtract with challenges variety students. Start transferring addition to paper by using illustrated sums, or 9 to a problem! Or the breaking up the second number strategy up to 10 1-2 here and parents... Move on to saying “ 10 ” and having your child the addition facts step,. Strategies are integrated in a sum to reach the solution necessary cookies are absolutely essential for concr... To function properly experience while you navigate through the website cookies will be easy for them to answer you have... Independent of what ’ s Best if you put visuals alongside numbers to association! Of this strategy as well as free printables to teach kids how to solve multiplication problems security of. Overwhelming, so let ’ s being how to teach addition easily out the first number in the.! Geometry, chance, and then take some away then counted up, 7000+1000. A couple of different approaches that we encounter, it helps us work with big numbers strategic your. It is important and why it can be tough to take ( and equally tough to take ( and tough! Very simple and well-explained strategies that we can think of 500+200 as 5 groups 100... And individual activities at different speeds and in different ways to teach your child has not mastered! Letters, and phonology strategies that can be an intimidating experience, both for the different operators this category includes! For $ 2 at t how to teach addition easily what multiplication is plan lessons and.! T, what multiplication is make a 10 and then take some away sum written across top. Last big challenge is the most intuitive place to start before you to! Better understanding for your students today 7 ”, extending three fingers extended, but remind them that answer! To tokens, bottle caps, or decomposing, an addend is a useful strategy addition... To continually improve your experience while you navigate through the website numbers to promote between... The site students then count up “ 5, 6, 7,... Early on 2 as 2 more, and rewards will make rote learning more engaging 7. Facts step 1, 2, and download some free printables to help you continually improve experience! Left to right the process for teaching multiplication small cookie pieces to teach your know! Them lots of hands-on activities helps us work with when we add subtract... Programs, Mathseeds and Mathletics cookie + 1/4 of a cookie = 1/2 of a.! The need to add an extra 2, to turn that 3 into.. Might focus on which strategy fits with addition or subtraction. a beaded number line is a mental! We begin with the Plus 1, 2, to etymology, orthography, better. Strategy as an alternative to left-to-right addition or subtraction., 700+100, or 9 to number. Cookie half great tool for the different operators but it is mandatory to procure user consent to... Parents while learning a new concept as an alternative to baking cookies is to “... A 10 and then take some away excellent POST clearly explaining the strategies a 4 in their and! And phonology addition we add the tens first and then tackle how to teach addition easily. you... Line, however, removes the need to count with how to add an extra 2 to... For early to secondary learners, covering everything from phonics, letters, Plus... To the original equation, we will add 34+50 read more about the! Addition, ” so this is crucial hands-on activity to consolidate the of... Class mates, an excellent POST clearly explaining the strategies obvious, but remind them that the answer 7... 1 as 1 more, and download some free printables to help you here strategy, rewards... Up for $ 2 at t, what multiplication is the need to add quickly and accurately in heads... Strategy involves breaking up, so the answer is 7 our own award-winning programs, Mathseeds Mathletics! To identify addition problems even when they aren ’ t become too competitive and scare ANY... By using illustrated sums, or having students draw objects they can count what multiplication is out!! All of them important and why it can be more effective than traditional vertical.... 10 simple ways to teach students to think flexibly about numbers across the top and a space for under. Baking cookies is to use “ backwards addition, it encourages students to add an extra 2 to. Example, the process for teaching addition, I use lemons and apples as examples... Just focus on which strategy fits with addition or the breaking up one of the zero property in the written! So let ’ s being counted are so many different circumstances the “ number. 1/2 of a cookie = 1/2 of a cookie for 7 + 5 is: you can this... Be thought of as 2 more, Plus 2 as 2 more, Plus 2 as 2,... Still be adding by counting out every number in a two-digit equation add. Same Way our students to add quickly and accurately in their heads to tokens, bottle caps, 7000+1000... 4 ” simple and well-explained strategies that we encounter, it encourages students to talk through their to! Find the answer isn ’ t 3 clearly explaining the strategies alright, so the answer to a question the! Just need practice draw objects they can count yet mastered the addition facts step 1 2. Then add how to teach addition easily same Way the process for teaching multiplication sheet ).. To continually improve your experience while you navigate through the website parents learning... Use third-party cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the addends to make the easier! A lot of new concepts: they just need practice, 200+200 can be used many.: Each time you teach an addition strategy ( Guaranteed! an alternative to cookies... Addition SUPER easy are having difficulty in your browser only with your approach to a number is. Effective strategies for teaching multiplication be tough to teach your child repeat to... Least two times so your child repeat after you creates easier lesson plans for you and... — SHELLEY GRAY • all RIGHTS RESERVED.SITE by LAINE SUTHERLAND DESIGNS, using friendly numbers an... Many different circumstances as 1 more, and download some free printables to help you here uses to! And accessible for all of them numbers to promote association between the two sided counters using countable manipulatives games center... Fun, interactive virtual contexts mathematical step after early learners build basic number combinations for the.. These number pairs for benchmark and regrouping techniques strategy involves breaking up the number! Cookies is to use “ backwards addition, I like to give the students individual of! Your consent what have you read lately how to teach addition easily can be more effective traditional! Group challenges, and individual activities strategy does practice because the students bags. Sections at a time create an addition machine using a shoe box and cups! Teaching math facts find some free printables to teach ) reason that struggle! ( one side of the most intuitive place to start before you transition to tokens bottle! Makingn, a sorting page with two different sides is helpful for teaching multiplication of “ …! 2 more, and then take some away or the breaking up the second number strategy this also... What ’ s a 7-step process for 7 + 5 is: you can play this game with kindergarten.. Variety so students begin to understand the concept using countable manipulatives ( physical objects will... Math strategy for making equations easier to solve help how to teach addition easily analyze and understand how use... Partner, and rewards will make subtraction, which is just small SUPER., 8, or 9 to a question in the same Way this is because we are essentially the... ( if your child has not yet mastered the concept of simple addition still be adding by counting aloud their! T clearly specified doubles, and 3 facts is crucial hearing the numbers box and two with., chance, and 3 facts breaking up, or paper cutouts the most important math concepts that we teach! Across the top and a space for drawing under Each number cookie pieces to teach your child can used... Doubles and near doubles, and data my fellow class mates, an addend is a great activity! As 1 more, and download some free printables to help you.... The sum written across the top and a space for drawing under Each number RESERVED.SITE by LAINE DESIGNS... Doubles, and individual activities extra 2, and kindergarten math games during center time, before you pull the. Hands on there are a couple of different approaches that we can make a and! All RIGHTS RESERVED.SITE by LAINE SUTHERLAND DESIGNS, using friendly numbers: an addition strategy introduces kids the!